Forts and Trading Posts in Dakota Territory

 

Col. Welch did not create a specific section on Forts and Trading Posts in the Dakota Territory in his papers, but so many were mentioned in his copious notes that I have attempted to set them up in some reasonable order:

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Table of Contents

Abercrombie Fort, 1858, 15 miles below Wahpeton.     

Alexander Trading Post, 1842,  below Van Buren.    

Apple Trading Post, 1830,  Apple Creek, south of Bismarck.    

American Fur Company Forts (built in the 1820’s).    

Fort Union, mouth of Yellowstone river…Fort Benton, near current town of Benton…Fort McKenzie, mouth of Judith river…Fort Pierre, near Pierre…Fort Laramie, upper Missouri…Fort F.A.Chardon (also called Brule), on the Judith river.    

Armstrong Fort, 1820 or earlier, near mouth of Des Moines river.    

Ashley’s Trading Post, 1809, mouth of Yellowstone river.    

Assiniboine Fort, abandoned 1835, an outpost of Fort Union.    

Atkinson Fort, 1859, close to Fort Berthold.    

Bad Lands Camp, 1882, at Medora.    

Bennet Fort, 1870 or earlier, at Sheyenne Agency.    

Benton Fort, 1846, near current town of Benton.    

Berthold Fort, 1845, at Berthold.    

Bouis Fort, 1822, at mouth of Cannon Ball river.    

Buford Fort, close to Fort Union.    

Cass Fort, 1832, two miles below mouth of Big Horn.    

Cedar Fort, 28 miles above Pierre.    

Chardon Fort, 1842, on the Judith river.    

Clark Fort, 1830, on Missouri, 55 miles north of Mandan.    

Dakota Fort, abandoned 1872, opposite Sioux Falls.    

Dilt’s Fort, 1864, 20 miles west of Bowman.    

George Fort, 1843, 19 1/2 miles south of Pierre.    

Greeley Camp, 1872 see also Hancock Camp

Green Camp, 1872, 3 miles below Fort A. Lincoln

Hale Fort, 1870, Lower Brule Agency

Hancock Camp, 1872,opp. mouth of Big Heart

Lewis Fort, 1841, 5 miles above future Ft. Benton

Kipp’s Fort, 1825, mouth of White River

Kitttson’s Trading Post, 1844, at Pembina on the Red river

Laramie Fort, 1842, upper Missouri

Lincoln Fort, 1872, four miles south of Mandan

Lewis and Clark’s Fort, 1803-04, swept away by river in 1828

Lookout Fort, 1865, 40 miles below Pierre

Maleury Post, at Maleury Bend of Missouri

Mandan Fort, 1804, a few miles north of Mandan

 Manuel Liza’s Posts:

        Fort Manuel, 1812, on west bank of Missouri  near lat. 46°

       Yellowstone Post, 1807,  at mouth of Big Horn river

       Knife River Post,1808,  near Mannhaven, N.D.

       Grass Creek Post,1809, south of Fort Yates on ND/SD line

McKean Fort, 1872, on hill above Fort Abraham Lincoln

McKenzie Fort, 1820’s, mouth of Judith river

Mitchel’s Trading Post, date unknown, a little north of Mandan

Mortimer’s Trading Post, 1842, mouth of Yellowstone river

Orleans Fort, 1772, 5 miles below mouth of Grand river

Park River Fort, 1800, 3/4 mile above mouth of Park river

Peck Fort, prior to 1872, Yankton Sioux country

Pierre Fort, 1822, Pierre, S.D.

Pilcher’s Trading Post, 1820? About 11 miles north of Fort Clark

Premeau House, 1822, on site of Liza’s Grass Creek Post

Premeau Fort, 1846, close to Fort Clark

Red River Trail, Forts & Trading Posts, 1844, St. Paul to Fort Pembina

Randall Fort, 1862, near Pierre

Ransom Fort,1866, at Sheyenne river crossing of Idaho Trail

Rice Fort, 1860’s, below Fort Abraham Lincoln

Sarpy Fort, 1850, mouth of Rosebud

Steward Fort, 1872? Jamestown

Sisseton Fort ?

Snelling Fort, Minneapolis/St. Paul

Stevenson Fort, 1864, Snake Creek, a few miles west of Big Bend

Sully’s Forts, 1864, below mouth of Sheyenne

Tecumseh Fort, 1822, two miles south of Bed River mouth

Tilton Fort, 1822, among the Mandans

Thomas, George H., Fort, 1844, first name of Fort Pembina

Totten Fort, 1866, at Devil’s :Lake

Union Fort, 1828, mouth of the Yellowstone

Van Buren Fort, 1835, mouth of the Rosebud

Vanderburgh Fort, 1825, vicinity of Fort Clark

Wadsworth Fort, 1864, name changed to Fort Sisseton

Waniti Trading Post, 1843, mouth of Beaver river

White River Trading Post, 1827, 150 miles below Yellowstone river

William Fort, 1833, opposite side of Missouri from Fort Union

Yates Fort, 1873, Standing Rock

 

Background story of Forts along the Missouri

Sioux names of early Forts   

Background story of Forts Greene, Hancock, Lincoln, McKean and Rice

Background 1872-1874 story of Forts Seward, Hancock, Laramie, Lincoln, Benton & Bismarck City     

Fort Union and its Neighbors (by Frank B. Harper, about 1924) and the story of Steamboats on the Missouri serving Montana in the 1800’s

1860 Map of Dakota Territory …no Bismarck, Mandan, Pierre, etc. as yet

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Abercrombie Fort, 1858, 15 miles below Wahpeton

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Alexander Trading Post, 1842, below Van Buren

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Apple Trading Post, 1830Apple Creek, south of Bismarck

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American Fur Company Forts (built in the 1820’s):

Fort Union, mouth of Yellowstone river….Fort Benton, near current town of Benton….Fort McKenzie, mouth of Judith river….Fort Pierre, near Pierre….. Fort Laramie, upper Missouri…Fort F.A.Chardon (also called Brule), on the Judith river

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Armstrong Fort, 1820 or earlier, near mouth of Des Moines river

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Ashley’s Trading Post, 1809, mouth of Yellowstone river

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Assiniboine Fort, abandoned 1835,an outpost of Fort Union

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Atkinson Fort, 1859, close to Fort Berthold

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Bad Lands Camp, 1882, at Medora

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Bennet Fort, 1870 or earlier, at Sheyenne Agency

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Benton Fort, 1846, near current town of Benton

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Berthold Fort, 1845, at Berthold

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Bouis Fort, 1822, at mouth of Cannon Ball river

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Buford Fort, close to Fort Union

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Cass Fort, 1832, two miles below mouth of Big Horn

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Cedar Fort, 28 miles above Pierre

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Chardon Fort, 1842, on the Judith river

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Clark Fort, 1830, on Missouri, 55 miles north of Mandan

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Dakota Fort, abandoned 1872, opposite Sioux Falls

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Dilt’s Fort, 1864, 20 miles west of Bowman

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George Fort, 1843, 19 1/2 miles south of Pierre

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Greeley Camp, 1872,  see also Hancock Camp

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Green Camp, 1872, 3 miles below Fort A. Lincoln

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Hale Fort, 1870, Lower Brule Agency

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Hancock Camp, 1872,opp. mouth of Big Heart

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Lewis Fort, 1841

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Kipp’s Fort, 1825, mouth of White River

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Kitttson’s Trading Post, 1844, at Pembina on the Red river

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Laramie Fort, 1842, upper Missouri

see American Fur Company Forts

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Lincoln Fort, 1872, four miles south of Mandan

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Lewis and Clark’s Fort, 1803-04, swept away by river in 1828

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Lookout Fort, 1865, 40 miles below Pierre

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Maleury Post, at Maleury Bend of Missouri

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Mandan Fort, 1804, a few miles north of Mandan

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 Manuel Liza’s Posts:

        Fort Manuel, 1812, on west bank of Missouri  near lat. 46°

       Yellowstone Post, 1807,  at mouth of Big Horn river

       Knife River Post,1808,  near Mannhaven, N.D.

       Grass Creek Post,1809, south of Fort Yates on ND/SD line

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McKean Fort, 1872, on hill above Fort Abraham Lincoln

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McKenzie Fort, 1820’s, mouth of Judith river

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Mitchel’s Trading Post, date unknown, a little north of Mandan

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Mortimer’s Trading Post, 1842, mouth of Yellowstone river

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Orleans Fort, 1772, 5 miles below mouth of Grand river

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Park River Fort, 1800, 3/4 mile above mouth of Park river

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Peck Fort, prior to 1872, Yankton Sioux country

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Pierre Fort, 1822, Pierre, S.D.

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Pilcher’s Trading Post, 1820? About 11 miles north of Fort Clark

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Premeau House, 1822, on site of Liza’s Grass Creek Post

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Premeau Fort, 1846, close to Fort Clark

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Red River Trail, Forts & Trading Posts 1844, St. Paul to Fort Pembina

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Randall Fort, 1862, near Pierre

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Ransom Fort,1866, at Sheyenne river crossing of Idaho Trail

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Rice Fort, 1860’s, below Fort Abraham Lincoln

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Sarpy Fort, 1850, mouth of Rosebud

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Steward Fort, 1872? Jamestown

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Sisseton Fort ?

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Snelling Fort, Minneapolis/St. Paul

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Stevenson Fort, 1864, Snake Creek, a few miles west of Big Bend

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Sully’s Forts, 1864, below mouth of Sheyenne

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Tecumseh Fort, 1822, two miles south of Bed River mouth

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Tilton Fort, 1822, among the Mandans

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Thomas, George H., Fort, 1844, first name of Fort Pembina

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Totten Fort, 1866, at Devil’s :Lake

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Union Fort, 1828, mouth of the Yellowstone

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Van Buren Fort, 1835, mouth of the Rosebud

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Vanderburgh Fort, 1825, vicinity of Fort Clark

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Wadsworth Fort, 1864, name changed to Fort Sisseton

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Waniti Trading Post, 1843, mouth of Beaver river

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White River Trading Post, 1827, 150 miles below Yellowstone river

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William Fort, 1833, opposite side of Missouri from Fort Union

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Yates Fort, 1873, Standing Rock

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Background story of Forts along the Missouri

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Sioux names of early Forts   

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Background story of Forts Greene, Hancock, Lincoln, McKean and Rice

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Background story of Forts Seward, Hancock, Laramie, Lincoln, Benton & Bismarck City 

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Fort Union and its Neighbors (by Frank B. Harper, about 1924)

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1860 Map of Dakota Territory …no Bismarck, Mandan, Pierre, etc. as yet

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