Running Antelope (Sioux Chief on Last Great Buffalo Hunt)

Welch notes concerning Running Antelope, undated:

Chief Grass advised that Running Antelope, in the opinion of the Indians, probably eclipsed John Grass as an orator.

Running Antelope was chief on the last great Buffalo Hunt, Sept– Oct. 1883.

He died about 1894 and is buried at Little Eagle, on the Standing Rock Reservation.

Running Antelope



Bede Using Arrow, Yanktonaise, talks to Welch, Nov 24, 1926:

This really means Runner of Antelope.  His father was a Hunkpapa Teton and his mother was of the Teton branch, the Sihasapa, or Black feet.

He had six brothers, one of whom was Rain in the Face.  Of these seven men, five of them became Chiefs during their lifetime.

 Hunting, The Last Buffalo Hunts, 1882, 1883

Letter relating to the ‘Great Buffalo Hunt’ of June 1882, described by McLaughlin in his book , ‘My Friend the Indian”  This material was donated to National Archives, Nov. 2005.

“…But if I would tell the tale of great hunters I must enumerate the head men of the Sioux Nation.  They were all in that hunt and at peace on the banks of the Hidden Wood Creek that night.  Years after, in the trying times of the ghost-dancing, when Sitting Bull sought to arouse his people against the whites there was bitterness, enmity, and death;  but that night Hunkpapas, Blackfeet, Upper and Lower Yanktonais, and whites were friends in feasting as they are friends to-day, and I never visit my old home at Standing Rock but that some of them gather at my door and go over the story of the great buffalo hunt of 1882.”

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Mrs. John Grass’ participation in one of the last buffalo hunts – 1882


Letter relating to the ‘Great Buffalo Hunt’ of September 1883, described by McLaughlin in his book , ‘My Friend the Indian”  This material was donated to National Archives, Nov. 2005.

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Letter from John McLaughlin’s widow to A. B. Welch … showing their close relationship and why he probably obtained these particular letters.  Her son, Charles, also gave Welch several original letters and copybooks of McLaughlin’s in 1926


Running Antelope, appointed Leader of the 1883 Hunt


Back of Running Antelope photo, Welch notes


Mandan Pioneer News, 1883